Synod: A proper appointment away from ministers or any other members of the brand new Religious church. It name may also relate to an association off churches, like the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod (Smith and Eco-friendly 1995: 1044).
Taliban: Islamic militants who have been been trained in Pakistani refugee camps during the Russo-Afghan conflict. This new Taliban got control over Afghanistan from the mid-1990s and you may turned into it with the an effective theocratic condition under Mullah Muhammad O as the state is bringing safeguards and you can coverage in order to Osama container Laden and you will al-Qaeda (Prothero 2008: 285).
Talmud: A book from remarks and you can way of life complementing brand new Torah and other Old testament site. There have been two Talmuds: the very first is known as Talmud of Residential property from Israel, and you may is actually completed in Israel anywhere between 400-500 Ce. The second is called the Talmud regarding Babylonia, and you may was accomplished to 600 Ce when you look at the present-day Iraq (Smith and you will Eco-friendly 1995: 1048).
Tension: An expression speaking about the amount of distinctiveness, separation and you may antagonism about matchmaking ranging from a religious category and you will the newest “outside” business (Stark and Finke 2000: 281)
Tantra: A keen mystical lifestyle preferred to help you one another Hinduism and you will Buddhism (look for Tantric Buddhism). They commonly defies status and you can gender orthopraxy, and is considered produce nirvana less (Esposito mais aussi al. Zibo women to date 2012b: G-11).
Tantric (Vajrayana) Buddhism: A form of Buddhism that mixes parts of the brand new Theravadan culture in addition to Mahayanan community in accordance with the belief one to everything is penetrated by the an individual electricity (Shakti) emanating of Goodness. It originated from Asia around the fifth century Ce. It exhibits alone for the three ways: positive male, bad feminine, and union of these two.
Taoism: Among the many three “High Theories off China,” including Buddhism and you can Confucianism. Lao-tzu (570-490 BCE) built Taoism, whenever you are Chuang Tzu (370-290 BCE) subsequent state-of-the-art they from inside the China. They viewed Confucianism once the an empty gang of rituals, and you can offered mind-cultivation because of naturalness and sense of humor. It is labeled as “philosophical Taoism,” in lieu of “spiritual Taoism,” which is an afterwards function that emphasizes bodily immortality compliment of reflection and fat reduction methods (Prothero 2008: 286).
Televangelism: The effective use of television to teach viewers on Christianity. Well-identified televangelists is Pat Robertson, Jerry Falwell and Benny Hinn. The fresh new Religious Broadcasting System (CBN) are a good example of a Christian tv route used in brand new reason for televangelists. For how questionnaire boffins studies televangelism, click here.
Televangelist: A good preacher whom partcipates in televangelism (i.age., looking on television to help you preach Christianity). For example Tap Robertson, Jerry Falwell, and you will Benny Hinn.
Temperance: The best control over an individual’s wants plus one of your four cardinal virtues throughout the Catholic heritage. It’s often with the abstaining out-of alcoholic beverages (see Temperance Path) (McBrien ).
Temperance Direction: A good century-long energy, originating in the newest nineteenth century, in order to denounce alcohol based drinks in the united states. Of several temperance groups, such as the American Temperance Society (est. 1826) and you can Ladies’ Religious Temperance Relationship (est. ), got direct connections to Protestantism and you may Christian thought. 7 of your sixteen creators of your Western temperance Community was indeed clergyman. The newest temperance direction reduced age all the more unpopular (Reid mais aussi al 1990).
Temple: Religious structures to have ritual things and you will social praise (find also Synagogue to have Jews). He is also known inside Judaism, Mormonism, Hinduism, and you may Buddhism. Truth be told there in addition to existed temples in Mesopotamia, old Greece, and you may ancient Rome (Smith and you can Eco-friendly 1995: 1059-1062).
Ten Commandments (Decalogue): Spiritual and you will moral guidelines made available to Moses from the Goodness into Mount Sinai. That it facts is situated in the newest Hebrew Bible (Old-testament) instructions regarding Exodus and you may Deuteronomy. Brand new 10 Commandments start off with debt to your Jesus and you will avoid with obligations to the one another. There are Catholic, Protestant, and Jewish differences of them statutes (Prothero 2008: 190).